mkin

The R package mkin provides calculation routines for the analysis of chemical degradation data, including multicompartment kinetics as needed for modelling the formation and decline of transformation products, or if several compartments are involved.

Installation

You can install the latest released version from CRAN from within R:

install.packages("mkin")

Background

In the regulatory evaluation of chemical substances like plant protection products (pesticides), biocides and other chemicals, degradation data play an important role. For the evaluation of pesticide degradation experiments, detailed guidance and helpful tools have been developed as detailed in ‘Credits and historical remarks’ below.

Usage

For a start, have a look a the code examples provided for plot.mkinfit and plot.mmkin, and at the package vignettes FOCUS L and FOCUS D.

Documentation

The HTML documentation is available at jrwb.de, at github and at R-Forge.

Features

GUI

There is a graphical user interface that I consider useful for real work. Please refer to its documentation page for installation instructions and a manual.

News

Yes, there is a ChangeLog, for the latest CRAN release and one for the github master branch.

Credits and historical remarks

mkin would not be possible without the underlying software stack consisting of R and the packages deSolve and FME, to say the least.

It could not have been written without me being introduced to regulatory fate modelling of pesticides by Adrian Gurney during my time at Harlan Laboratories Ltd (formerly RCC Ltd). mkin greatly profits from and largely follows the work done by the FOCUS Degradation Kinetics Workgroup, as detailed in their guidance document from 2006, slightly updated in 2011 and in 2014.

Also, it was inspired by the first version of KinGUI developed by BayerCropScience, which is based on the MatLab runtime environment.

The companion package kinfit (now deprecated) was started in 2008 and first published on CRAN on 01 May 2010.

The first mkin code was published on 11 May 2010 and the first CRAN version on 18 May 2010.

In 2011, Bayer Crop Science started to distribute an R based successor to KinGUI named KinGUII whose R code is based on mkin, but which added, amongst other refinements, a closed source graphical user interface (GUI), iteratively reweighted least squares (IRLS) optimisation of the variance for each of the observed variables, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation functionality, similar to what is available e.g. in the FME package.

Somewhat in parallel, Syngenta has sponsored the development of an mkin and KinGUII based GUI application called CAKE, which also adds IRLS and MCMC, is more limited in the model formulation, but puts more weight on usability. CAKE is available for download from the CAKE website, where you can also find a zip archive of the R scripts derived from mkin, published under the GPL license.

Finally, there is KineticEval, which contains a further development of the scripts used for KinGUII, so the different tools will hopefully be able to learn from each other in the future as well.

Development

Contributions are welcome! Your mkin fork is just a mouse click away… The master branch on github should always be in good shape, I implement new features in separate branches now. If you prefer subversion, project members for the r-forge project are welcome as well. Generally, the source code of the latest CRAN version should be available there. You can also browse the source code at cgit.jrwb.de/mkin.